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What is an EPD®?

An EPD® (Environmental Product Declaration) is an independently verified and registered document that communicates transparent and comparable information about the life-cycle environmental impact of products.

Having an EPD® for a product does not imply that the declared product is environmentally superior to alternatives — it is simply a transparent declaration of the life-cycle environmental impact.

What about the ®?

The EPD® logotype and the acronym EPD® are registered trademarks within the European Union and use of them within the EU is therefore only allowed for certified EPDs within the International EPD® System.

The relevant standard for Environmental Product Declarations is ISO 14025, where they are referred to as "type III environmental declarations". A type III environmental declaration is created and registered in the framework of a programme, such as the International EPD®  System.

An EPD®  may be used for many different applications, including green public procurement (GPP) and building assessment schemes. The concept of  type III environmental declarations was developed to primarily be used in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication is not precluded by the standards.

All EPD®s registered in the International EPD®  System are publically available and free to download through the EPD Search on this website.

Company case studies

  • Improving Swiss energy generation

    Improving Swiss energy generation12/10/2010

    Switzerland’s largest energy supplier, Axpo AG, registered an EPD in 2009 for some of the electricity provided by its nuclear power plant in Beznau.

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  • EPDs for railway transports

    EPDs for railway transports12/10/2010

    The Botnia Line presents the first EPDs in the world for a railway line - 8 EPDs that cover transport and infrastructure.

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  • Declaring the impact of pasta

    Declaring the impact of pasta12/10/2010

    Barilla started to conduct life cycle assessments (LCA) in 2000, which were eventually to be turned into several product-specific EPDs. Initially the aim was to understand the potential of the methodology and to improve the know-how of the whole production chain. In 2008 LCA came to form a part of Barilla’s business strategy, which increased the need for measuring and communicating environmental performance.

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  • Ricoh first with a global Type III environmental declaration11/14/2010

    The Ricoh Group with its head office in Tokyo, Japan, manufactures and sells copiers, information equipment, and optical devices both domestically...

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  • EPD Statistics: the effect of the International EPD® System10/17/2008

    The recent rearrangement of the EPD organisation with the launch of the international EPD®system leads to a wide change in the EPD distribution by Countries and sectors. This fact is mainly due to the new classification scheme for products categories based on CPC (Central Product Classification) scheme used for structuring PCRs into a hierarchic level based on a modular approach.

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