Different EPD types

Single-company, product-specific EPD

The single-company, product-specific EPD is the most common type of EPD. Its based on a valid PCR and describing the life cycle environmental impact of one (1) or - very similar products - from one single manufacturer.

Single-company EPDs provide data on one product made by one manufacturer, but can encompass several factories. When a manufacturer produces a product in several plants thorughout the world, but all plants use the same processes, they can be covered by a single EPD.

In LEED v4, this is referred to as a "Product-specific Type III EPD".

Project and product-specific EPD

Project and product-specific EPDs are useful when specific data for an exact product and project (e.g. in public procurement) are requested by the EPD users and e.g. the transportation calculation would somehow differ from the one documented in a verified EPD.

The project specific, single product EPD compulsorily requires a manufacturer to have a single-company, single product EPD that forms the basis for the project specific adapation. At EPD International, a project or product-specific EPD shall be published and be available via the EPD library.

Project specific EPDs can cause some market confusion, because some peer EPD programme operators in Europe/Nordics offer the option to publish non third-party verified LCA-reports via their EPD systems. These reports are essentiallly ISO14021 (type II) self-declared environmental claims that do refer to EPDs, but do not fullfil the third-party verification requirements under ISO14025. Often these reports claim ISO14025 compliance, but come accompanied with notations regarding the EPDs' internal verification or self-declaration characteristics.

Group EPD

Similar products made by the same manufacturer can be included in a Group EPD.

Similar products from a single or several manufacturing sites covered by the same PCR and manufactured by the same company with the same major steps in the core processes may be included in the same EPD if the differences between the declared environmental performance indicators do not differ by more than 10% between the included products.
One set of results shall be declared for one representative product.
The choice of representative product shall be justified in the EPD, using, where applicable, statistical parameters. More information can be found in GPI 4.0.

Sector or Industry Average EPD

A Sector EPD is developed by an industry asscociation and declares the average product of multiple companies in a clearly defined sector and/or geographical area.

Products covered in a Sector EPD shall follow the same PCR and the same functional/ declared unit shall be applied.

Any communication of the results from a sector EPD should contain the information that the results are based on averages obtained from the sector as defined in the EPD.
The communication shall not claim that the sector EPD results are representative for a certain manufacturer or its product. As that, a single EPD cannot represent several products and several manufacturers.

In the context of EN 15804, a Sector EPD is sometimes referred to as an "Average EPD". Elsewhere, they could be referred to as "Industry-wide EPD" or "Generic EPD".

All public EPDs are freely accessible via our EPD Library

Machine-readable EPD

A machine-readable EPD contains some of the information of an EPD that has been transferred into a machine-readable format. The information is stored in a xml-file format in a separate database hosted by the International EPD® System that can be used for different applications and will open new ways to make use of the communication of the environmental performance of products.

To see the machine-readable, digitalized EPDs, please click on the button below to be redirected to our separate database for digitalized EPDs.

Machine-readable EPDs

All digitalized data is linked to the EPDs published in the International EPD® System and therefore enables communication of environmental impacts of products in a quantitative, credible, comparable and understandable way based on an established communication format.

Sustainability considerations in the construction sector are of growing interest and even recommended by the European construction product regulation (CPR). LCA at building level is a central instrument for the evaluation of environmentally relevant sustainability aspects. The required material data is given in environmental product declarations (EPD) based on calculation methods according to European or International Standards (e.g. EN 15804, ISO 21930). Meanwhile, there is an increasing demand of data in digital format.

The transformation of EPD-information into the machine-readable format will broaden the opportunities for the application of EPD information in areas, such as public procurement, building assessment tools and other environmental calculation tools.

Following developments in the International Open Data Network for Sustainable Building (InData), the structure and format of the data is aligned with the format discussions in the InData network.

The InData initiative is based on already existing instruments, and standards. It thus uses the so called ILCD+EPD data format. The ILCD data format, developed by the European Commission’s DG JRC, is widely used in the LCA context. Extensions had to be added to integrate EPD specific information (e.g. scenarios, modules, type of data). The chosen format offers a high flexibility, which allows for the adaption of related specific national requirements or changes in the underlying standards (e. g. amendments M350 of EN 15804) in future.

ECO EPD from ECO Platform

ECO EPD are EN 15804 compliant EPDs that have been issued by established ECO Platform EPD Programme members.
We are a founding member of ECO Platform.

"ECO EPD Programmes have been audited by ECO Platform to ensure that they are following EN 15804 and that it is using the ECO Platform Verification Guidelines, ensuring a high level of robustness and quality. ECO EPD are recognized across Europe, which gives your EPD a much wider recognition than through a single EPD Programme. With offering a digital ECO EPD via the ECO Portal datahub LCA tools and other applications will in future have direct machine readable access to the EPD. This will help increasing the effectiveness of building and construction LCA and bring high added-value to all stakeholders."

Source reference:

ECO Portal

Pre-certified EPD

The pre-certified EPD is an initial step to publishing environmental information of a product during the development of a PCR for a new product category.

A pre-certified EPD may serve as a practical example and thus facilitate the PCR development process in the discussions between the parties involved. The pre-certification also gives an organisation the possibility to, early on, inform the market about the environmental performance of their products.

Pre-certification is not applicable for a product category in the event of an existing PCR (valid or expired) at www.environdec.com.